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Hebraic View: First Day of the Week


From: Eddie Chumney
To: Hebraic Roots Newsgroup
Subject: Hebraic View: First Day of the Week


HEBRAIC VIEW: FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK

Dear Mishpochah (family):

In this article, I would like to examine the phrase, "First Day
of the Week" found in the NT.

As you know, this phrase, "First Day of the Week" is what MANY
in traditiional Christianity use to explain worship on Sunday and a
Sunday resurrection of the Messiah. Is this a valid interpretation of
NT scripture? Let us examine the issue:

There are EIGHT places in the NT where the phrase "First day of the week" occurs. Let's look at them:

KJV Matthew 28:1 In the end of the sabbath <4521>, as it began to dawn toward the FIRST <3391> DAY OF THE WEEK <4521>, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.

KJV Mark 16:2 And very early in the morning the FIRST <3391> DAY OF THE WEEK <4521>, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.

KJV Mark 16:9 Now when Jesus was risen early the FIRST <4413> DAY OF THE WEEK <4521>, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils.

KJV Luke 24:1 Now upon the FIRST<3391> DAY OF THE WEEK <4521> very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain
others with them.

KJV John 20:1 The FIRST<3391> DAY OF THE WEEK <4521> cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.

KJV John 20:1 The FIRST<3391> DAY OF THE WEEK <4521> cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.

KJV John 20:19 Then the same day at evening, being the FIRST<3391> DAY OF THE WEEK <4521>, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.

KJV Acts 20:7 And upon the FIRST<3391> DAY OF THE WEEK <4521>, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.

KJV 1 Corinthians 16:2 Upon the FIRST<3391> DAY OF
THE WEEK <4521> let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.

If you would look in a Strong's Concordance for the word "WEEK"
that occurs in these passages, you will notice that the Greek word
is:

<4521> sabbaton {sab'-bat-on}  of Hebrew origin 07676; TDNT - 7:1,989; n n  AV - sabbath day 37, sabbath 22, week 9; 68  1) the seventh day of each week which was a sacred festival on which the Israelites were required to abstain from all work 1a) the institution of the sabbath, the law for keeping holy every seventh
day of the week 1b) a single sabbath, sabbath day 2) seven days, a week

FIFTY-NINE times in the NT, the Greek word, "Sabbaton" is
translated in the KJV as "sabbath". Here are several examples:

KJV Luke 4:16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath <4521> day,and stood up for to read.

KJV Mark 2:27 And he said unto them, The sabbath <4521>:was made for man, andnot man for the sabbath <4521>::

In certain Bible translations, the word "day" in "first day of the week" is in ITALICS. What this means is that the word is NOT in the Greek manuscripts.

In SEVEN of the EIGHT verses cited above where the phrase "FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK" occurs, all but Mark 16:9, the Greek word for FIRST is:

<3391> mia {mee'-ah}  irregular feminine of 1520; adj  AV - one 62, first 8, a certain 4, a 3, the other 1, agree + 4160 + 1106 1; 79  1) only one, someone


SIXTY-TWO times the Greek word "mia" is translated as ONE.

Here are some examples:

KJV Matthew 19:5 And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one <3391> flesh?

KJV John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold:
them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be ONE <3391> fold, and one shepherd.

Therefore, the phrases in the original eight verses listed
above should say:

"one sabbath (s)"

The Greek language didn't have a word for SABBATH. If you notice in the definition, it says that the word "shabbaton" is of Hebrew origin.

sabbaton {sab'-bat-on}  of Hebrew origin 07676

<7676> shabbath {shab-bawth'}  intensive from 07673; TWOT - 2323b; n f/m  AV - sabbath 107, another 1; 108  1) Sabbath 1a) sabbath 1b) day of atonement 1c) sabbath year 1d) week 1e) produce (in sabbath year)

It indicates that the Hebrew equivalent is <7676> or Sabbath.
The Greek word, "shabbaton" <3391> comes from the Hebrew language for the word, SABBATH.

After Passover, the Torah commands in Lev 23 to start counting
SEVEN WEEKS until the Feast of Pentecost / Shavuot.

The Hebrew word for WEEK is "Shavuah". It simply means, "seven".

<7620> shabuwa` {shaw-boo'-ah} or [;buv' shabua` {shaw-boo'-ah} also (fem.) sh@bu`ah {sheb-oo-aw'}  properly, pass part of 07650 as a denom. of 07651; TWOT - 2318d; n m  AV - week 19, seven 1; 20  1) seven, period of seven (days or years), heptad, week 1a) period of seven days, a week 1a1) Feast of Weeks 1b) heptad, seven (of years)

Therefore, the feast of Pentecost / Shavuot is the feast of "sevens". The plural of Shavuah is Shavuot.

In Hebrew, a DESIGNATED SABBATH DAY (apart from the weekly sabbath day) is called a, "SHABBATON".

KJV Leviticus 23:24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a
sabbath <07677>, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.

<7677>shabbathown {shab-baw-thone'}  from 07676; TWOT - 2323d; n m  AV - rest 8, sabbath 3, 11  1) Sabbath observance, sabbatism 1a) of weekly sabbath 1b) day of atonement 1c) sabbatical year 1d) of Feast of Trumpets 1e) of the 1st and last days of the Feast of Tabernacles

The GREEK language doesn't have a word that differentiates
between a weekly sabbath and the special designated "high sabbath"
day known as a "shabbaton" in Hebrew.

Therefore, the translation of "FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK" in the
EIGHT verses of the NT could be translated:

#1) "ONE (FIRST) of the SABBATH"

#2) "ONE OF THE SABBATHS": Indicating that the event took place during the FIRST WEEK of the SEVEN WEEK counting from Passover to Pentecost.

The "FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK" translation to imply SUNDAY is a BIAS on the part of the translators to support the established
practice of SUNday worship.

Before Constantine declared the Roman Empire to be Christian in
321 AD, it had MANY religions. The primary religion was Mithraism. Mithraism centered around the worship of the SUN god.

The BIRTHDAY of the SUN god in Mithraism was December 25.

The DAY to WORSHIP the SUN was SUN-day.

Through the influence of SUN worship in the ancient Roman
Empire, Roman Christianity began to observe their worship services on SUN-day and celebrate the birthday of Jesus on the day that WAS celebrated as the birthday of the sun-god.

This SUN-day bias in Roman Christianity influenced the King
James translators to translate the EIGHT phrases mentioned above as "FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK" to justify the existing practice of observing SUN-day worship based upon the teaching of a SUN-day resurrection of Yeshua / Jesus. The SUN-day celebration of a SUN-day resurrection was conducted with a SUN-rise worship service.

While many Pastors are aware of these things, TRADITION has
caused them to dismiss and continue the status-quo. However, the
SHEEP for the most part are IGNORANT of these truths.

The BIBLICAL day to worship YHVH through Yeshua / Jesus is
SABBATH.

Yeshua kept SABBATH (Luke 4:16). Paul kept Sabbath (Acts 13:14, 42-44). The Sabbath will be kept during the time of the new heaven and new earth (Isaiah 66:22-23).

I pray that this study on the "first day of the week" will help you in embracing your Hebraic heritage in Messiah.

May YHVH continue to bless you in your studies.

Eddie Chumney
Hebraic Heritage Ministries Int'l


 

 

 

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